Oral & Gum Care

Similarly, people with poor oral health can experience difficulties in controlling their blood glucose levels. To maintain good diabetes control and avoid dental problems you should take good care of your mouth.
 
Dental problems linked with diabetes :
Gum disease 
Fungal infections such as thrush, especially for denture wearers 
Dry mouth and taste impairment.
 
Link between gum disease and diabetes :
People with diabetes, especially those with poor glycemic control, are more likely to develop gum disease. Gum disease is an infection of the gums and bone that hold your teeth in place. Similar to other infections in your body, gum infection can make your blood glucose levels hard to manage. 
 
There are two forms of gum disease:
 
Gingivitis 
The mildest from of gum disease and can be reversed if treated properly. Gingivitis is caused by a buildup of plaque at the gum line where the tooth and gum meet. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that cause the gums to become red, swollen and tender. 
 
Periodontitis 
The more destructive form of gum disease and usually develops when gingivitis is left untreated. The body’s response to the bacteria causes the gums to recede making the teeth look longer and destroying the bone that holds teeth in place. Any damage caused by periodontitis cannot be reversed but the problem can be prevented from getting worse. Gum disease can start at any age - children and teenagers who have diabetes are at greater risk than those who don’t have diabetes.